The first printable below is a list of conjunctions and it teaches the coordinating, subordinate, and correlative conjunctions. The two worksheets offer practice, one in manuscript, and the other in cursive writing.
A list is super helpful for beginners both to understand the function and to recognize the actual words.
ESL students need only translate to their own language.
As with the English definition of many terms, descriptive words usually have the same definition or meaning that they have in other uses.
If you recognize the base or root word of the grammar term you can figure its definition. Their functions are the same no matter what the newest text book calls it.
So what are conjunctions in English grammar?
Conjunction - A conjunction is a word, or group of words, that joins sentence parts, sentences, and paragraphs. It does not take an object as does a preposition.
There are, generally, subordinating, coordinating, and correlative conjunctions (these last are the same as correlative coordinating).
Basically, the words mean what they mean in other English uses.
What is a coordinating conjunction?
See examples below. See more grammar definitions here.
Coordinating Conjunction List (means with order): These seven can be rearranged to form the acronym FANBOYS:
What are correlative conjunctions?
See examples below and more definitions here.
Correlative Conjunctions List (means with relation): These words work in pairs to join words and phrases of equal importance:
What is a subordinating conjunction?
Subordinate Conjunction List - same as a Subordinating conjunctions.
Subordinate means under or lower order: These words join a dependent clause to an independent clause in a complex sentence.
At first this looks like a huge list of conjunctions; yet once kids understand that there's a joining and that these words make the rest of the phrase so it cannot stand on its own, it's easier for them to see the subordination because they can see the dependence on the main part of the sentence.
A very good question is "Can the clause stand on its own?" If not, the first word is a subordinate conjunction.
Subordinating conjunctions examples:
More than 20 examples of subordinating conjunctions:
Have your students choose 5 examples of subordinating conjunctions and use them in an original sentence. This sure gets kids thinking and helps them remember over time.
Is because a conjunction?
Yes because it joins two clauses.
Is it coordinating?
No, the word because is a subordinating conjunction and can be used to show cause and effect.
Love is the cause of the effect help.
Because is subordinate because the clause "because I love you." cannot stand on its own in a simple sentence.
These English grammar conjunction worksheets use quick examples of conjunctions in a simple manner for beginners.
An example of joining subjects where and is the conjunction:
An example of joining verbs where and is the conjunction:
This first printable has two worksheets that can be printed back to back on two sides.
The next two grammar downloads have conjunction example sentences. The first download is in manuscript handwriting and the second is in cursive writing. Both show how conjunctions are used.
These super simple sentences show basic conjunctions in light gray font.
This last download is the same as the one above; yet in cursive writing and it runs to three pages showing how to use conjunctions in a sentence.
Sentence diagramming is easier when you can tell the difference between a simple sentence, a compound sentence, and a complex sentence.
A list of conjunctions is a huge help with this.
It's best to memorize the list, yet usually repeating the list a few times once in a while is very helpful for recognizing them in sentences. You can make this review briefly before each lesson and kids won't even realize they're "studying".
Compound-complex sentences are easier to recognize, too.
Get students familiar with the list of conjunctions to make it easier to recognize these kinds of sentences with their subordinate clauses.
We have diagramming sentence charts and worksheets here that will let kids practice using conjunctions in compound and complex sentences.
Diagramming is like having a road map to grammar.