Trigraph DGE words use the /j/ pronunciation after a short vowel in a short root word.
DGE is a trigraph because it uses three letters to make one sound. It is not properly called an ending in the suffix sense of the term, it simply fulfills the rule that when you say /j/ behind a short vowel sound, you use the three letter DGE.
In reverse, when you read a single vowel followed by DGE, you know to say the short vowel sound. If only GE follows pronounce the long vowel sound or the French sound of the vowel as with the word garage.
Digraph CK and trigraph TCH use the same spelling rule:
Rule: Use DGE after a single short vowel, that says "a-e-i-o-u".
You can use these worksheets with your own phonics books to review the sounds and the rules.
Print the K123 2-up for high school and to have smaller lines like handwriting worksheets. Less work for the kids and can improve their penmanship.
See hints and examples in the sections below:
DGE follows the VCC pattern or vowel-consonant-consonant where the second consonant protects the previous vowel from saying its long sound. A one syllable word that uses a short vowel with the /j/ sound is spelled with the trigraph DGE.
What about the E? The silent E lets the G say /j/.
Why does it matter? Because we do not end an English word with a J.
When adding a vowel suffix, drop the silent E unless you need it to preserve the soft G sound.
There are several exceptions to the E dropping rule. The word judgment can be spelled with or without the extra E, yet in the United States it is usually spelled without the E, yet retains the soft G sound. For example:
judge, judged, judging, judgment
When your kids are learning DGE words have them practice this list orally with you so they can see the pattern.
Print both or choose the size that works for your children. You'll like having the different sizes to teach phonics to several ages of children.
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Parents and teachers love this ESL phonics worksheet because it helps children pronounce the short sounds of the five vowels. If they say it as they practice writing the sound at the same time, they'll learn it so much better.
Silent letters: D is almost silent and the E is a totally silent letter with these words unlike badger and gadget.
Since children are usually older when they are learning to write DGE words, they can also learn to form derivatives by adding prefixes and suffixes or endings.
As you're teaching the phonogram DGE, dictate these words for your children to write into their notebooks. The worksheet is an excellent homework lesson or phonics exercise. Next, I include some simple sentences so you can teach the vocabulary of each word you dictate.
Print these PDF phonics activities or store them in a file for your child's phonics lessons and exercises. Whether they are reading the lists, writing the words, or typing the words, they'll have excellent phonics practice.
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Homeschool worksheets for spelling practice and Robert Louis Stevenson's poetry handwriting worksheets make great ESL printable worksheets. Enjoy!