If you want the 72 phonogram sounds on printable phonics flashcards (the way they are presented in our Orton based phonics video), you're in the right place.
These phonogram cards have the top, mid, and bottom lines marked so kids know where the letters sit on the lines. There are digraphs, trigraphs, and quadgraphs as well as consonant phonics blends flashcards.
Explicit versus implicit.
What I love about the Orton phonics programs is that there's no guessing. Once you teach the explicit method, bright students understand quickly and slower students get it well – without having to unlearn fluff.
You can interact with students better when you have the actual cards in your hands and kids are learning phonics from your proper pronunciation.
The backsides of these cards have simple word cues for your convenience. See books on how to teach phonics below or use these with your favorite phonics programs.
You'll love having the base, mid, and top lines for all of the multi-letter phonogram blends and digraphs.
These have the same format as our phonics videos.
What are phonograms?
Phonograms are the sounds that letters and combinations of letters make. Phono means sound and gram means write.
This is also the phoneme definition.
They're simply the basic unit necessary to write or indicate the sound of a letter or blend of letters.
A point to consider: Perhaps you want to teach the first sounds of the letters and blends first and separately. I wish I had for some of my students. Read the rest of this page for more considerations about teaching phonics this way.
Actually, these phonics blends flashcards are interactive like our phonics worksheets so you can also add your own notes or student names before you print.
If you want to keep these variations file them for future use.
The first set of these printable phonics flashcards is single sided without clues on the back side. No word cues.
The first twenty six have the letters of the alphabet where the rest are the digraphs (two letters) and blends (two or more letters). Print these single sided.
This next set of phonics flashcards is double sided and are the same as the first with an additional second side that has generic word clues.
The text is very simple so you can use these clues with whatever phonics activities you'd like.
Print these double sided.
You'll find that teaching phonics is so much easier when you offer practice. Flash cards are an easy and tactile way to offer phonics practice where your students really engage with you. Simply review a few cards at a time:
Say it. Write it. Repeat it.
Hint: Use these helpful ideas when you print these flashcards:
You'll find that using phonics flashcards is a very direct way to teach. You have instant feedback whether the children know the sounds.
You can also use the first 26 single letter cards as alphabet flashcards. Otherwise you may like this alphabet flash cards page.
First, read one of the many good books show you how to teach phonics using the Orton method:
All of these phonics books offer your students multi-sensory direct instruction (Say it, write it, repeat. :-), phonograms (sounds, blends, phonemes, digraphs), phonics rules, suffix instruction, where there's no guessing about how to read and write. Our printable phonics flashcards correspond with these books.
If you have the time and have not been taught this way, I highly recommend Barbara Beers' Phonics Road. She teaches you (the teacher)
She models teaching phonics perfectly and you only have to stay one lesson ahead of your students. This is actually awesome for ESL students, too, as they can often learn English on their own with Barbara's videos. See the Phonics Road here.
If you have very little time, and simply want the facts, get Romalda Spalding's WRTR.
I tabbed several sections in my own book that I used each day. It's like having the whole language arts curriculum in one book K-12.
Dr. Mary North includes an excellent scope and sequence for each grade level, too. It is a very handy desk reference. The name of the book tells it all.
Once you learn phonics and can write the words, you can read them. They also have black line masters in the back for printable phonics flashcards.
If you want the daily phonics lessons spelled out day by day, use Wanda Sanseri's two books along with her most excellent log books.
Wanda makes learning phonics fill-in-the-blank easy while using the dictation method.
She teaches how to teach phonics step by step and focuses on spelling while including the other language arts, especially grammar. Again, if you can spell with the phonics sounds and the phonics rules, you are learning writing and reading.
She sells a phonics app with the phonics sounds too. It's like having a video of phonics blends flashcards, yet interactive and variable.
She also sells nice phonics flash cards.
If you want fun stuff with a phonics program without academic fluff, use All About Learning.
There are plenty of mastery level books, manuals, flash cards, and manipulatives arranged step by step, one concept at a time.
No experience necessary. Simply open the book and start. Marie keeps her reading program separate from spelling and writing for easier success in reading first.
She has two free apps for the sounds.
Learn more about All About Learning Reading and Spelling here.
Here are some really great questions about how to teach phonics with my answers below:
Question 1: How to help a child distinguish when a vowel is short or long when it doesn’t follow the regular rules. For example, when they see the word camel or label, how to help them decipher if the vowel is short or long.
Answer: Your questions are great. Too few people ask them, especially from the perspective of one who cannot read. You're right, reading is a totally different story if you cannot already read. One thing to remember is that once you know the phonograms and the rules, there are very few words that are "crazy".
Also, it's a good idea to try the first sounds first, meaning to try the short vowel sounds first. Too many systems in the last hundred years have reversed that and taught the long vowels first. That's crazy when 67% of our single vowels say their short sounds. The longer the word is the more true that is.
General Rule: When there is a single consonant, we usually divide before the consonant which would mean that the last vowel in the first or preceding syllable usually says it's long vowel sound unless it is an i (long vowels "say their names"). Then, if that doesn't sound correct, divide after the consonant (as with your camel example).
Question 2: Also, how about words such as reverse? Should I be teaching the re- sound or is it just re (short vowel)?
Answer: There's not a true blend here. The rule above applies to prefixes as re- in the word reverse, which can be said either way, long vowel or short vowel. You'll often hear people say reverse both ways with either a long or short vowel sound for that first e.
According to the rule, r says its sound and the e says its long vowel sound because it is at the end of a syllable.
Sometimes it depends on the rythm of a sentence and the words around the word in question.
General Rule: Prefixes and suffixes, beginning and ending affixes, are usually separate syllables except for the second and third sounds of the past tense ending -ed. This applies to the word reverse above where the first e says its long sound because it's at the end of the syllable.
Question 3: The word virtue…I explained to my student that the u is long because of the e…correct?
Answer: In this case there's a rule that we do not end an English word in i, u, or v (c or j). Here u says u because it is at the end of a syllable.
The e is there to keep the u from being at the end of the word. Again, there's not a true blend and the e is there to protect the end of the word rather than to change the sound of the u.
General Rule: We do not end an English word in i, u, or v (single letters c, k or j).
If you want a homeschool curriculum for teaching phonics, you may like the books and answers above; yet you might also appreciate this short cut:
This usually works as they can often recognize the word and its meaning using the first sounds.
On the other hand I have also had many children sound out b-u-n-n-y quite well and then say pumpkin. If this happens, simply start again.
After a child has tried sounding a word and if he has the sounds correct, repeat the sounds. He or she will often recognize the real word right away. After he has a chance to try, coach the correct sounds.
Orton systems teach the basic words BEFORE children are expected to read them, which means that many Orton phonics books teach syllabication together with teaching common words.
Once they know the sounds, the syllables, and the rules; they're able to read other words with similar patterns.
What's nice with the Orton methods is that they use dictation to teach children to write and read the words before they are expected to read them (other languages and old time readers showed the syllabication and pronunciation for "new" words before the reading selection).
This is explicit instruction. You explicitly tell the children what to study. It's so helpful for kids to have phonics practice before they try to read a word. Some people call this direct instruction, although it's not the modern Direct Instruction.
It can be tricky finding good syllabication rules in many phonics homeschool curriculum books. The syllables often determine the sound and the meaning of a word.
You'll find some generalized phonics rules in the back of the WRTR book, page 226 and 227 in the 5th edition.
I share with you the first six syllable rules below from my own experience, and summarize what the Spalding book says in 7, 8, and 9 below.
Hi Mary! I know it has been a while. That’s what end of the school year and summer will do to you!
I just want to thank you for the phonogram cards. It’s been going great and the kids don’t mind doing them. I love how the sounds are on the back of the printable phonics flashcards. Again, I can’t thank you enough!
Hello Mary! How are you?
I am narrowing in on finishing all of the phonogram sounds with a few of my students. I noticed there are no phonics practice sheets for the following sounds: our, eigh, ie, oe, ei, and ey.
Are they somewhere else on the site or are they not there?
'Just want to make sure I am not missing anything. Have a great night and thanks for all of your help!
Mary's Answer: I am so sad to say that I have not made those worksheets yet. Total oversight!
So we can do the next best thing, make a list for those words to use with dictation. The thing is that we'll have to make sure the children spell the words correctly before they review them or before they copy them three times.
You can find the words below that I have found for the phonograms for which I did not make phonics worksheets.
They'll work for dictation or copywork. You can even make your own worksheets using handwriting and a copier. By the time children are learning these phonics sounds, they're often handier at working from dictation.
Also, I include from my personal notebook many cei words so that you can emphasize the "except after c" rule.
Cei is not a phonogram or blend, but practice using it is great for spelling.
I've only thought of one oe word.
You can find our printable lined spelling paper here where the columns are ready made. I hope that these lists help you offer dictation of these phonograms:
If you have your students practice writing the letter sounds while you use these printable phonics flashcards, you will double your success teaching phonics, and your children will learn to write and read new words in less total time.
If you want an easy review, see our phonics video here.
See more on the phonics rules here.
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Buy the bundle of our online phonics worksheets in one digital download for ad-free access to phonics practice for your elementary school students at school or at home.
Homeschool worksheets for spelling practice and Robert Louis Stevenson's poetry handwriting worksheets make great ESL printable worksheets. Enjoy!