Our Math Dictionary words that start with R has the Math terms that start with the letter R. Start here with Math definitions that we have gathered from a half dozen Math books, including a very old one.
Radian - a special unit of measure that measures things that are circular.
Radical - a root of a number.
Radical Axis - the locus of points of equal power with respect to two circles.
Radical Center - the radical center of three circles is the common point of intersection of the radical axes of each pair of circles.
Radicand - the number inside the radical sign.
Radii - plural of radius.
Radius - the length of a straight line drown from the center of a circle to a point on its circumference.
Radius of a Circle - a line segment starting at the center and going to the outer edge of the circle. The radius is half of the diameter.
Radix Point - the generalization of decimal point to bases of numeration other than base 10.
Rationalize the Denominator - a process that gets rid of the radical in the denominator.
Ray - a straight line that begins at a point and continues outward in one direction.
Random Number Generators - a device used to produce a selection of numbers in a fair manner, in no particular order and with no favor being given to any numbers.
Range - the range of a set of numbers is the largest value in the set minus the smallest value in the set. Note that the range is a single number, not many numbers.
Range of the Function F - the set of all the numbers f(x) for x in the domain of f.
Rate - a certain percent of the principal which indicates the interest on one dollar for one year; the number denoting how many hundredths of the base are to be taken.
Ratio - a rational number of the form a/b where a is called the numerator and b is called the denominator, a comparison of numbers, the quotient or result of one quantity divided by another (fraction).
Rational Number - a number that can be written as a fraction with integers as the numerator and denominator.
Real Axis - the x-axis of an Argand diagram.
Real Numbers - consist of both the rational and irrational numbers.
Real Part - the real number x is called the real part of the complex number x+iy where x and y are real and i=sqrt(-1).
Real Variable - a variable whose value ranges over the real numbers.
Reciprocal of a Number - the number need to multiply to get 1 as the answer.
Rectangle - a parallelogram with four right angles and four sides.
Rectangular Coordinate System - a plane made up of an x axis (the horizontal line) and a y axis (the vertical line).
Rectangular Solid - a volume bounded by rectangle faces.
Recursion - given some starting information and a rule for how to use it to get new information, the rule is then repeated using the new information.
Reduce - to rewrite a fraction in lowest terms.
Reflect - to repeat an image by flipping it across a line so it appears as it would in a mirror.
Reflex Angle - an angle between 180º and 360º.
Regrouping - to rearrange quantities in place values of numbers during calculations.
Regular Polygon - a polygon whose side lengths are all the same and whose interior angle measures are all the same.
Relation - ordered pair in the form: (x, y)
Relative Frequency - the number of items of a certain type divided by the number of all the numbers being considered.
Relatively Prime - two numbers that have no common factors other than the number 1.
Remainder - amount left that is left after division.
Remainder - the dividend remaining when the quotient is not equally divisible by the divisor, also the name of the answer in a subtraction.
Repdigit - an integer all of whose digits are the same, 11, 222, 333.
Repeating Decimal - a decimal whose digits eventually repeat; .3333.
Repunit - an integer consisting only of 1’s.
Residual - the observed value minus the predicted value. It is the difference of the results obtained by observation, and by computation from a formula.
Rhomboid - a parallelogram having its angles oblique, and its adjacent sides unequal.
Rhombus - a quadrilateral whose sides are all the same length (congruent) and whose opposite interior angles are the same size (congruent.)
Right Angle - an angle of 90°, one side of the angle is perpendicular to the other side.
Right Triangle - a triangle containing an angle of 90 degrees.
Roman Numerals - a system of numeration used by the ancient Romans, seven letters of the Roman Alphabet: I, 1; V, 5; X, 10; L, 50; C, 100; D, 500; M, 1000.
Root - one of the equal factors that will produce it.
Root of a Polynomial - solutions when the polynomial is set equal to zero.
Root of Unity - a solution of the equation xn=1, where n is a positive integer.
Rotate - to rotate an object in a tessellation means to repeat the object by spinning it on a point a certain angle.
Round-off Error - the error accumulated during a calculation due to rounding intermediate results.
Rounding - the process of approximating a number to a nearby number.
Ruled Surface - a surface formed by moving a straight line (called the generator).
Rusty Compass - a pair of compasses that are fixed open in a given position.
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